internalized homophobia gay men

Overcoming Shame and Internalized Homophobia

Internalized homophobia is still an epidemic for lesbians and gay men.  As a gay therapist, I see first hand the toxic effects of this problem on the mental health of our community.

What is internalized homophobia?

Internalized homophobia is act of turning the hatred, stigma and fear of a homophobic society back in on ourselves.  I did just use both of the words I’m trying to define in the definition, which would make my third grade vocabulary teacher very angry.  So let me elaborate.

Trying to fit in as a gay person in a straight world requires some internal gymnastics.  We learn to hide ourselves expertly.  This is often on a very deep and unconscious level.  For example, as a gay man you may learn to throw your voice to sound more masculine or dress differently so as not to stand out.  Just because we haven’t personally been the victim of a hate crime doesn’t mean that we aren’t altered by being born gay.

Lasting consequences

All this hiding can have lasting consequences.  It can manifest into self-hatred and loathing on such an unconscious level that it’s hard to notice at times.  As sexual minorities we have to notice the effects of the societal pressures and be aware of the pitfalls along the way.

There are all sorts of mental health implicating for being born lesbian, gay and bisexual.  As a gay male you may be more likely to engage in risky sexual behavior or have trouble with substance abuse.  There are studies that link being LGBTQ with higher rates of depression, anxiety and isolation.

Coming out

At a certain point most LGBTQQI people come out of the closet.  Meaning we tell the rest of the world that we identify as gay.  This is a huge rite of passage and is different for everyone.  Some people have very supportive families and come out in middle school.  Others can live most of their lives as heterosexual and come out later in life.

While coming out is a big step, it’s typically just the beginning of dealing with the internal pain.

Our sexual identity is a big part of who we are as people, but it’s usually just one layer of the onion that is us.  Once we peel that back, we can begin nurturing self-love and compassion for all of who we are.


Think about it, if you become good at hiding your sexuality, what prevents you from hiding other parts of yourself.  Maybe you really like playing the ukulele, but you worry others will judge you on some level so you conceal that part of yourself.    And it can go on from there.

If some of these concepts ring true for you, you may be wondering what to do about changing these patterns.

Action steps

1) Acknowledged the problem. Our society was founded and is steeped in heterosexism. The concept of heterosexuality is reinforced as the norm through advertisements, books, movies and TV. Marriage Equality is the law of the land and transgender rights are beginning to be addressed more openly, but events like the Pulse massacre in Orlando remind us that just being a member of the LGBTQQI community can be unsafe.

2) Embrace community. Surround yourself with people who love you unconditionally. Continue fostering and embracing safe spaces. Make queer friends and build a chosen family, if necessary. Isolation can contribute to a number of other problems and will certainly not help with reducing shame.

3) Find support. In addition to building a community, find support for yourself in other ways. Look for empowering representation of and by LGBTQQI people in the media. If you live in the Bay Area, check out Frameline, an important and powerful LGBTQQI movie festival. Or watch The Kids Are All Right or Milk. Check out the book The Velvet Rage by Alan Downs or Queer(For Younger LGBT people) by Kathy Belge and Marke Bieschke. Find a support group or look for an affirming LGBTQQI therapist. You are not alone. If you need immediate support, call the GLBT National Hotline at 1-888-THE-GLNH (1-888-843-4564).

It may seem like a daunting process. Society is stacked against us in a lot of ways. However, you deserve to feel proud of who you are, loved, respected, supported and safe. By cultivating compassion for yourself, you can take the first step toward banishing internalized homophobia and shame. Think about what a difference that could make in your own life and the lives of those you care about.

Tom Bruett

Tom Bruett

Tom Bruett, LMFT is a licensed psychotherapist with an office in San Francisco, CA. Tom feels passionately about helping people have better relationships. The purpose of this blog is not to provide advice or to take the place of working with a mental health professional. For more information please visit the homepage.

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  1. […] the heteronormative messages that media and society perpetuate. As an adult I did have to battle internalized homophobia and I continue to do my own work healing the wounds I’ve collected along the […]